美国彭博社丨刘汉元主席:建议通过征收碳税补充可再生能源补贴

美国彭博社报道


- 建议计划每年为可再生能源补贴筹集1000-2000亿元

- 通威致力于成为世界上最大的太阳能电池制造商


“中国政府应该利用碳税为太阳能发电补贴筹资。”通威集团董事局主席刘汉元说。通威集团目前正在规划大型投资来扩大其太阳能电池业务。

“如果中国设立10到20元(1.6美元至3.2美元)每吨的碳排放税,则每年可以募集1000到2000亿元资金用于可再生能源补贴。”刘汉元在周日、全国人民代表大会开幕前于北京举行的新闻发布会上表示,而这也是他本次将提交中国最高立法机构的议案中的观点。刘汉元作为全国人大代表,将出席本月在中国首都举行的全国人大会议。

刘汉元的观点部分来自于他长期从事的事业和不断扩大的公司规模。通威集团旗下通威股份在去年十一月曾发布消息,计划斥资120亿元打造两个太阳能电池工厂,这将使通威成为全球最大的太阳能电池制造商,并帮助实现其电池产能30GW的目标。

中国国家能源局的数据显示,中国新增了创纪录的53GW的太阳能发电装机容量,而据彭博新能源财经的乐观预测,今年中国可能再增加多达65GW的太阳能发电装机容量。

政府的负担

“截至去年年底,由于附加电费不足以覆盖补贴,中国政府已拖欠太阳能开发商约1000亿元补贴费用。”中国国家能源局官员程晨璐(音译)一月曾表示。

“同时中国应该针对光伏产业进行减税,因为中国需要进行能源转型以减少空气污染。”刘汉元说。他希望中国能够依靠市场化机制来决定太阳能发电装机的规模,而不是设定指标。

在谈到美国针对其他国家制造的太阳能设备所征收的关税时,刘汉元表示这可能最终同时伤害到美国以及其他国家。


【彭博社英文原文】:


Board Chairman of Tongwei Group Calls for Carbon Tax to Fund Solar Subsidies


Plan aims to raise 100-200 billion yuan a year for renewables

Tongwei strives to become the world’s largest solar-cell maker


The Chinese government should use carbon taxes to fund solar power subsidies, said Liu Hanyuan, board chairman of Tongwei Group,which is planning big investments to expand its solar-cell manufacturing business.

If China set a 10 to 20 yuan ($1.6 to $3.2) per ton tax for carbon emissions, it could generate 100 to 200 billion yuan a year,which then could be used to subsidize renewables, Liu said in a Beijing briefing on Sunday before the start of the National People’s Congress. That’s part of his proposal to China’s top legislative body, in which Liu serves as adelegate. He will be attending the session this month in the nation’s capital.


Liu’s comments come as Tongwei has been expanding its presence in the solar industry. Subsidiary Tongwei Co. said in November it plans to spend 12 billion yuan to build two solar-cell factories, which would make the Chinese firm the world’s biggest manufacturer and help it achieve its goal of 30 gigawatts of cell capacity.


China installed a record 53 gigawatts of solar power capacity last year, according to National Energy Administration data. The nation may add as much as 65 gigawatts this year based on the most optimistic scenario, Bloomberg New Energy Finance forecasts.

Government’s Burden

As of the end of last year, China owed solar developers 100 billion yuan in subsidies as surcharges to electricity billsaren’t enough to cover the handouts, Cheng Chenlu, an official at the National Energy Administration, said in January.

 

China should also cut taxes for the photovoltaicpower industry as the country needs energy transition and a reduction in air pollution, Liu said on Sunday. He asked for China to rely on a market-basedsystem to determine the scale of solar power installations rather than setting project quotas.

 

Turning to U.S. duties against solar equipment made outside the country, Liu said they could end up hurting the U.S. as well as other nations.




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